Diving is a popular activity which attracts enthusiasts all over the United Kingdom. Recreational divers love to spend a day with the rich marine life. Public safety divers are there to take immediate actions like rescue or search operations. Meanwhile, commercial divers get involved in construction works at the bottom of the sea. All divers have to endure several adverse factors while doing their job with perfection. A diving site is a place where accidents occur and immediate medical aid is required. Commercial diving operations include a lot of activities such as surface supplied and saturation diving operations.
The Diving Medical Advisory Committee (DMAC) has provided a guidance document named DMAC 015 Rev 4. This document advices a commercial diver about several diving related issues and ways to tackle them. DMAC is an independent body of medical specialists. It is closely linked with the International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA). Many medical equipments and supplies are required at a dive site. DMAC 015 Rev 4 imparts important instructions and information about these essential factors.
DMAC 15 Medical Kit
The product is a comprehensive medical kit used for the treatment of disorders associated with diving. The tool is useful for curing other unexpected emergencies such as trauma and immersion duresis. The DMAC 015 Kits Guideline derives from the DMAC 015 Rev 4 document. The kit can be bought from the market in the complete form. It is also available as separate pieces. This kit can also be taken for rent.
It is designed for urgent situations where divers are left without much help from a ship or doctors. Several equipments and drugs are part of the kit. The Diving Medical Officer reviews these things and suggests substitutes if any drug is unavailable in a particular area. The Diving Superintendent or vessel Medic is responsible for the kit and a well-organized system to maintain the kit is mandatory.
A list of contents comes with the kit. The use of contents and shelf life control are possible with the help of this list. These steps are considered as standard procedure. Details about the use of medicines are recorded in a logbook that is kept with the equipment. The kit must be available to the diving supervisor always. A tight double locked vessel must contain all controlled drugs.
Suitable labeling of the kit is compulsory. It goes through an inspection once in six months. This is to ensure that all items are fully functional and ready for emergency use. It helps in the replacement of old, damaged ones with fresh stocks. Details about these inspections are also entered in the logbook. Also, people involved in the process undergo regular training.
A temperature range of +4° to +25° Celsius is advisable for the storage of medical kits. DMAC 015 Kits Guideline advises the package and arrangement of the kit in a manner that is easily accessible at the moment of an unexpected emergency.
Certain equipments are stored in the diving bell or hyperbaric welding habitat. These items are kept inside a watertight bag. These include one arterial tourniquet, three polythene bags, one Resuscitation face mask, two oropharyngeal airways, one tuff cut scissors, one medium dressing, one large dressing, two triangular bandages, one roll of 1 inch adhesive tape, two crepe bandages, one suction pump that is manually operated, along with others.
Adequate facilities for fluid replacement must be there. Hyoscine hydrobromide tablets are advised for surface support crew members and divers, in case of hyperbaric evacuation. In addition, several equipments kept at the dive site include diagnostic ones such as pencil torch, thermometer, stethoscope, aneroid sphygmomanometer, reflex hammer, tape measure, tuning forks, pins for testing sensation, blood sugar testing equipment, tongue depressors, urine testing strips and otoscope.
Equipments used for wound dressings and sterile products are needed. The list of competent drugs includes soluble aspirin tablets, paracetamol tablets, codeline tablets, morphine injection, naloxone injection, tramadol injection, adrenaline injection, amiodarone injection and furosemide injection.
Fentiazin or prochlorperazine injection and hyoscine hydrobromide (Scopolamine) tablets are prescribed for vomiting and nausea. Antihistamine, oral antihistamine and corticosteroid are suggested for allergic reactions. Several antibiotics for oral use and others as ear drops are instructed. Clotrimazole cream is recommended as a remedy for skin diseases caused by fungal attacks.
Diving is an innately dangerous act and grave accidents do occur. Therefore, a DMAC 15 Medical Fit will always come in handy. The kit ensures protection of divers by keeping unexpected and fatal casualties at bay. Death could be averted in most cases if proper first aid is administered right away. These kits ensure the flawless execution of this task.